Cover art: Diane Sivavec
The following links will provide background information with which to put the events and people in Addie's Dakota Winter in context of events of the times. This information will assist in discussing the events and people in the book.
Addie's Dakota Winter
- In general, Schools were among the
first public buildings erected by the pioneers in Dakota Territory.
Schools often preceded the churches and were then used for church
services. Education was very important. Many of the early schools were
one-room school houses. View pictures from the Library of Congress's
American Memory site. One room school houses in North Dakota, circa 1890s.
- Harrison Elementary School students
compared a pioneer school (Abbe Creek School) with their own present
day school (Harrison Elementary). Their findings are located on the web.
Read their comparison and then compare and contrast your own school
situation with one that existed in your area 100 years ago. How do both
situations compare with Addie's school situation?
- Read about "Northern Great Plains - Schooling" on the American Memory site of the Library of Congress Web Site.
- Read about one-room schools in South Dakota today. Compare today's one-room school house experience with those of the children in Dakota Winter
- Click here for books to read in collaboration with any of the Addie Books.
- Other books about prairie life in South Dakota. Scroll down to "South Dakota Pioneer Life.
- Immigration brought thousands of homesteaders
across the Plains to fulfill their dream of owning land. Many kept
elements of their life in the "Old World." Back in Iowa, Addie had a
good friend Eleanor. But now Eleanor is not here but there is Tilla.
Tilla had come with her family from Norway. She did not speak English
correctly and she wore foreigh-looking clothes. (See pages 27-28).
Discuss the hardships that newcomers to the United States faced,
hardships in addition to those that all pioneers were facing.
- Read about Norwegian Immigration to the United States.
After reading the article on the Ancestry.com site, discuss how Tilla
and her family compared to the "typical" Norwegian immigrant.
Hardships Endured by those Moving West
Immigrants often faced enormous hardships as they moved
west and attempted to settle into a new life. Families found that they
often had to put aside individual differences and cultural stereotypes
to assist one another. When the Mills' Norwegian neighbors shoot the
last (in the region) of three pronghorn antelope Addie's father
expresses understanding (page 82). EThemes* has provided a page Westward Expansion - Hardships
with several links to information about those hardships. *eThemes is a
project of the eMINTS Program. The University of Missouri-Columbia
collaborates with MOREnet to provide this service.
[Other Addie Books] - [All titles by Lawlor] - [Curriculum Connections - List all titles]
Addie's Dakota Winter.
Illustrated by Toby Gowing. (1989) Albert Whitman & Company. ISBN:
08075001719 lib bdg; Aladdin .paperback ISBN: 0671701487. 160 pg.
© 2002 Laurie Lawlor. All rights reserved.
Text for Curriculum section © 2002 Sharron McElmeel @ McBookwords.
Portions of this text may have been published in earlier publications
by Sharron L. McElmeel and are reprinted here with permission.